Beginning. The Mercedes-Benz brand was created in 1926 when the companies Mercedes and Benz merged. Mercedes was the name of Emil Jelinek's daughter. Emil Jelinek was an Austrian entrepreneur and one of the company's founders. Already in 1898, the company began to sell Daimler cars. Jelinek also took part in races under the pseudonym of Mercedes. In 1900, a decision was made to construct a new engine called „Daimler-Mercedes”. The first contract on joint operations between Karl Benz's Benz & Cie. and Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft established by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach was signed in 1924. In 1926, Benz & Cie. and Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft officially merged to form Daimler-Benz AG, thus making a decision to manufacture vehicles under the joint name of Mercedes-Benz.
Development. In the 50s, one of the most famous Mercedes sports cars was created – 300 SL, with doors opening upwards. The 20th century is a time of production of Mercedes cars which became cult cars. It is enough to recall the luxurious Adanauer, Mercedes 180 manufactured in the years 1951-1962 or the W116 model of 1972, which was the first generation of the S-class. Also, Mercedes W123 comes the 1970s. It was manufactured in the years 1975-1986. The 1980s saw the debut of the „baby” Benz, i.e. the 190 model, which was created in the years 1982-1993 and was replaced by the C-class. Two years later, the 124 model was launched, which was manufactured until 1997. This model is quite well-known in Poland. The 210 model arrived shortly thereafter, replaced by the 211 version in 2002 and the 212 version in 2009. These models belong to the E-class.
Present. In 1998, after buying the majority of shares in the American company Chrysler, the company changed its name to DaimlerChrysler. Mercedes counted on a greater access to the American market and Americans counted on transferring technologies from Germans. The alliance survived until 2007, when Daimler sold its shares in Chrysler, due to poor financial results. Since that time, the company has been called Daimler AG. Today's collection consists of 550 vehicles. It includes 350 passenger cars, 140 racing cars and 60 usable vehicles of the Mercedes-Benz brand and its predecessors: Benz and Daimler.
Contribution to the automotive industry. Karl Benz, one of the founders of the Mercedes Benz company, is one of the most important persons in the history of the automotive industry. In 1878, he constructed a two-stroke internal combustion engine (and a four-stroke engine some time later). He is the creator of the following parts of the car: the clutch, the carburettor, the ignition plug, the differential gear, the transmission, the radiator. Mercedes cars are known for their quality, innovativeness and safety.
Trivia. In 1885, Karl Benz constructed the first three-wheeled vehicle with an internal combustion engine and electric ignition. Interestingly enough, the public opinion initially ridiculed the idea, but Benz continued the work. The 770 model, called Grosser Mercedes, was a luxurious executive car used, amongst others, by Adolf Hitler. Mercedes 260D, manufactured since 1936, was the first serial car with the Diesel engine.
Currently manufactured models: Mercedes A-class (W169C), Mercedes CLK-class (C209), Mercedes C-class (W204), Mercedes C-class, station wagon (S204), Mercedes CLC-class (C204), Mercedes CLK-class (C209), Mercedes CLS-class (C219), Mercedes E-class (W212), Mercedes E-class, station wagon (S212), Mercedes CL-class (W216), Mercedes S-class (W221), Mercedes CL-class (W216), Mercedes SL-class (R230), Mercedes SLK-class (R171), Mercedes SL-class (R230), Mercedes G-class (W463), Mercedes GLK-class (X204), Mercedes M-class (W164), Mercedes R-class (W251), Mercedes SLS AMG (C197).
Tyres. Mercedes is one of the best recognizable car brands in the world. This brand's models are serially equipped with tyres of all leading tyre manufacturers in the world. Let's just mention a few examples: Dunlop SP Sport 01 (Mercedes CLS and E-430 AMG), SP Sport 9000 (E-340 AMG, ML55, ML320, ML320/500, S340, SL500/SL600), Grandtrek TG35 (ML320, ML 430), Yokohama ADVAN Sport V103 MO (Mercedes AMG CL63/65), ADVAN Sport V103A MO (Mercedes AMG ML 63), ADVAN Sport V103S MO (Mercedes AMG C63), Geolandar G038G (Mercedes G500) and AVS S/T V801 (Mercedes AMG G55), Bridgestone tyres from the Ecopia series (Mercedes-Benz C-, SLK- and E-class), Pirelli P Zero Rossa (C- and E-class).