Beginning. The company was established in 1922 under the name of Swallow Sidecar Company and, at first, it produced side boxes for motorcycles. Its name was changed to Jaguar after World War II. The abbreviation of the company's previous name was associated with the name of... Waffen-SS. The automaker presented its first model at a 1935 show - SS 90 and SS 100.
Development. Jaguar became popular owing to a sports car series XK 1920 (1949) with a 160 HP engine. The XK 140 and XK 150 models were also successful. A year later, a large limousine - Mark VII - was created. Jaguar was perceived as a brand of sports and luxury cars. In 1955, the company launched a middle segment car - Mark I (later Mark II). At the beginning of the 1960s, Jaguar took over the luxurious Daimler brand, which supplied cars to the royal family. Since 1962, all of the most luxurious Jaguar cars were sold with the Daimler logo (until 2002). A new era started or Jaguar in 1989, when the British brand was taken over by Ford. The investments of the American automaker did make it possible to introduce new models (such as S-Type in 1999,X-Type in 2001 and XK in 2006), but no breathtaking success was achieved.
Present. The Jaguar's fortunes were turned around in 2008. The company was bought by Tata Motors - an Indian automaker - for 2.3 billion dollars.
Contribution to the automotive industry. The E-type is model which went down in the history of the automotive industry. The car was manufactured from 1961 to 1975. 70 thousand car left Jaguar manufacturing facilities during this period. The car was ranked first on the Daily Telegraph list of the one hundred most beautiful cars. The car was powered by the XK type engine, which was constructed in 1948. This engine was manufactured for 44 years with only slight construction changes. The 6-cylinder, row unit had a capacity of 3.4 l, 3.8 l or 4.2 l; it contained two camshafts placed in an aluminium head and a cast iron cylinder block. A set of rocker switches were placed on the dashboard lined with varnished aluminium sheets.
Trivia. Jaguar cars took part in racing events. The XK120C model (known as C-Type) won its debut at Le Mans in 1951. At that time, in cooperation with Dunlop, Jaguar developed disc brakes, which became its secret weapon in the race two years later ensuring another victory of the C-Type model. In the years 1955-57, the Le Mans race was dominated by its successor - Jaguar D-Type. Jaguar cars won this race on two other occasions - in 1988 - Jaguar XJR-9LM and in 1990 - Jaguar XJR-12.
Currently manufactured models: Jaguar XF, Jaguar XJ, Jaguar XK, Jaguar XFR, Jaguar XJR, Jaguar XKR.
Tyres. Jaguar manufactures sports cars and large executive cars with high horsepower engines. Such characteristics make it necessary to use tyres from the 16- to 21-inch range. A few popular sizes for Jaguars include: 225/60 R16 (XJ8), 235/55 R17 (XJ6), 235/50 R18 (XK8) and 245/40 R19 (XKR). Jaguar cooperates with numerous tyre manufacturers by providing tyres for original equipment. A few examples: The Jaguar XJR was equipped with Dunlop SP Sport 01 tyres, size 255/35 R20, Jaguar S-Type with Michelin Pilot Primacy tyres, size 225/55 R16.